Kerman (Persian: كرمان, also Romanized as Kermān, Kermun, and Kirman; also known as Carmania)is the capital city of Kerman Province,Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 821,374, in 221,389 households, making it the 10th most populous city of Iran.
Alexander arrived in Carmania from the east; he and his men had traveled through the Gedrosian desert, which had cost many people their lives. When the Macedonian soldiers reached southern Carmania, they found food again (`all crops were born in abundance, except for olives`, according to Alexander`s admiral Nearchus). Consequently, Greek and Roman geographers wrote that Carmania was extremely fertile, which is exaggerated.
After the death of Alexander, Carmania became first part of the Seleucid empire, but in the middle of the second century, it was subjected by the Parthians. In the first quarter of the third century CE, their empire fell; the Persians founded a new empire after 224. The capital of Carmania was moved to Veh-Ardašir, a new town between the salty Dasht-e Lut and the western mountains, now known as Kermân.
The Persian kings were Zoroastrians, i.e., they believed in Ahuramazda. One of their holy places was Bam, where the dead were ritually exposed on high platforms. The ruins of these `towers of silence` can still be seen. The first Christian bishop can be dated in the middle of the seventh century, shortly before or after the Muslims took over (646 CE).