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About Iran

About Iran

Iran is a county in southwest Asian, country of mountains and deserts. Eastern Iran is dominated by a high plateau, with large salt flats and vast sand deserts. The plateau is surrounded by even higher mountains, including the Zagros to the west and the Elburz to the north. Its neighbors are Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia on the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan on the east, and Turkey and Iraq on the west.

Iran At a glance (General Info)

Capital (and largest city) Tehran

35°41′N 51°25′E / 35.683°N 51.417°E / 35.683; 51.417

Official language(s) Persian (Farsi)

Spoken languages PersianAzeri, Kurdish, Lori, Balochi, Gilaki, Arabic, Turkmen, Armenian, Assyrian Neo-Aramaic

Government Islamic republic

- Supreme Leader Ayatullah Al-Uzma Seyed Ali Khamenei

- President Hasan Rohani

- Speaker of the Parliament Ali Larijani

- Chief Justice Sadeq Larijani

Legislature Islamic Consultative Assembly


- Median Empire 625 BC

- Safavid Empire 1501

- Islamic Republic 1 April 1979

- Current constitution 24 October 1979


- Total 1,648,195 km2 (18th)

636,372 sq mi

- Water (%) 0.7


- 2011 estimate 75,330,000 (17th)

- 2010 census 74,700,000

- Density 45/km2 (163rd)

116.6/sq mi

GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate

- Total $818.653 billion

- Per capita $10,864

GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate

- Total $357.221 billion

- Per capita $4,740

Gini (2008) 38 (medium)

HDI (2010) increase 0.702 (high) (70th)

Currency Rial (ريال) (IRR)

Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)

- Summer (DST) Iran Daylight Time (IRDT) (UTC+4:30)

Drives on the right

ISO 3166 code IR

Internet TLD .ir

Calling code 98


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