, [(img)|1030116687121001B] Abyaneh is located on North-western slope of Karkas Mount, 28 km from Natanz, and has mild climate. The costumes and traditions of the people as well as its architecture afford good picture of ancient Iran. Abyaneh,[(img)|1030117687121001B] It lies in the margin of the central desert of Iran, 180 km North-east of Isfahan city. Ardestan dates back to Parthian period and contains famous ancient monuments, as mosques. Ardestan,It is located North-west of Isfahan and has dry and warm climate in summer and cold in winter. Its woodwork is well-known. Its congregational mosque, with splendid minaret, belongs to Seljuk period. Golpayegan,Kashan is situated in the margin of central desert of Iran and has many historical monuments. Vestiges, found on Sialk Hills, indicate that this area was home of prehistoric man. Fin Garden, Mosque and School of Aqa Bozorg, Mashad Ardehal, Boroujerdi House, Tabatabai House, Abbasian House... are among of its interesting places. [(img)|1030118687121001B] Kashan,Khansar, dates back to circa 1000 years ago, is situated in green valley. Golestan Kouh, Sar Cheshmeh Park, Congregational Mosque Baba Pir and Shazdeh Ahmad are among its interesting places. Khansar,It is located 3 km North-west of Isfahan and dates back to Sassanian monarch. Kouh Atashgah and Congregational Mosque are among its monuments. Khomeini-shahr,It includes 3 industrial zones in its district: Zarrin-shahr, Foulad-shahr and Mobarakeh, in which there are industries as steelworks, ironworks and cementworks. Lanjan,It is located in the East of Isfahan province. Congregational Mosque, Mohammadieh Mosque, Alavian Mosque and Baba Abdollah Mosque are of its most important historical monuments. Carpet weaving of this region has high quality and well-know in Iran and abroad. Nain,It is situated in plain to the West of Isfahan and has temperate climate. carpet weaving is the main craft of this region.Najaf-abad,[(img)|1030119687121001B] Natanz is located between Isfahan and Kashan in central Iran. The facility is reportedly 100 miles north of Esfahan, and is located in old Kashan-Natanz, near a village called Deh-Zireh, itself located about 25 miles southeast of Kashan, and falls under the jurisdiction of the Governor`s Office of Kashan.Natanz,It is situated in mountainous region, 165 km South of Isfahan, with cold climate. Waterfall of Semirom, Takht Soleiman and Padena village are among its interesting places. Semirom,Shahreza, 80 km South of Isfahan, is of great antiquity. Its ceramics is of high importance, producing articles of best quality. Imam-zadeh Shahreza and bazaar are among the sights of this town.Shahreza,For more information about Isfahan cities can refer to this web: http://www.citypopulation.de/php/iran-esfahan.php
,[(img)|1030118928121001B] The Zagrous Range of mountains is located at the west and south of Isfahan . Zayandeh Roud River is the main source and element of Isfahan ’s development and beauty. The river rises from eastern slopes of Zagros Range of mountains. ,The city is located in the lush plain of the Zayandeh River, at the foothills of the Zagros mountain range. No geological obstacles exist within 90 kilometres (56 miles) north of Isfahan, allowing cool northern winds to blow from this direction. Situated at 1,590 metres (5,217 ft) above sea level on the eastern side of the Zagros Mountains, Isfahan has an arid climate (Köppen BWk). Despite its altitude, Isfahan remains very hot during the summer with maxima typically around 36 °C (97 °F). However, with low humidity and moderate temperatures at night, the climate can be very pleasant. During the winter, days are mild while nights can be very cold. Snow has occurred at least once every winter except 1986/1987 and 1989/1990. [(img)|1030119928121001B]
,Isfahan is one of the world`s most beautiful cities, an unforgettable international tourism destination popular all of over the world, an encyclopedia of Iranian and Islamic civilization, locally famous as half of the world. Isfahan presents the real Persian character, the most glorious in historical and architectural wealth. Monuments in Isfahan are great examples of our art and architecture. Isfahan`s ancient history is not clear and our knowledge about the mentioned period is limited. There are legends about ancient Isfahan, goes back to king Jamshid and king – Kavous from the legendary dynasty. During Parthians and Sassanians the city has been considered as assembly place for armies. In fact armies were sent to different fronts of ancient Persia from this point. During Elamate period it was one of the most important cities of Persia. During Achamenid kingdom was called Gaba, famous as the royal summer recreational resort. The name Gaba was changed to Jay. During Parthians it was ruled by prominent sovereigns and during the Sasanian period crown princes were stationed in Isfahan in order to learn statecraft. During Sasanian kingdom the city was famous as “Shahrestan”.Pre Islamic,Fortunately there are more informations regarding post Islamic Isfahan. In 643 AD the city was invaded by Ummayads, and then Abbasids ruled in Isfahan until 931 AD. Al- Jibal was one of Arab Caliphate provinces and Isfahan was the capital of this province. During 10th century the city was ruled by princes who belonged to Fars and Iraq. The Ziarids and Buyids were the most prominent rulers of this area. Mardavij revolted against the Abbasids and announced the independence of Gorgan and Mazandaran. He expended his domain of independence to Isfahan. Mardavij was faithful to the ancient Persian traditions. The Seddeh festival was held on the banks of Zayandeh Rud in 935. After assassination of Mardavij the Ziarid ruling era was ended. [(img)|1030110538121001B] Some of historians believe that Jay was not a city but a strong fortress another important district of the original city was called Yahoudiyeh (the Jewish city) which was close to Shahrestan. Yazdgerd 1, a king from Sassanian dynasty was married to a Jewish wife, allowed a large group of Jews to settle in Isfahan. Their residential district was called as “Yahoudieh” Some of historians believe that Jews were settled in Isfahan about 600 years BC. Yahoudieh was later called Jubareh and it is still residential district of some of Jews. Isfahan has been expanded and the two districts are two parts of the metropolitan city of Isfahan. [(img)|1030111538121001B] Imam Mosque,Soon after Mardavij`s death, Isfahan was ruled by Buyides. The Buyids`s period was one of the most outstanding periods in Isfahan. In 945 Ahmad one of the Buyidi`s ruler, invaded Baghdad which was the capital of the Abbasids. During Buyids period Isfahan was remarkably developed and some of Iranian arts were flourished. The Shiite customs and traditions were encouraged and pilgrimages to the holy places were developed, magnificent buildings were constructed in Isfahan during Buyid period especially glorious mosques were constructed. These mosques were ornamented magnificently. Isfahan and Buyid Dynasty,In 1047 Toghrol Beg from Seljuk dynasty made Isfahan as the Capital. Soon Isfahan was highly developed and was converted to a great city. During 12 years of Toghrol Beg ruling period a new expanded and prosperous city Isfahan was born. The city was further developed under Thoghrol`s successors. Alb Arsalan and Malek Shah took advantage of learned vizier (minister) named Khaje Nezam Al – Molk. Great magnificent buildings were constructed during Seljuk rulers; in fact Seljuk and Safavid dynasty highly developed Isfahan. The congregational Mosque (Jameh) has been considered as one of the wonders of the world. The last Seljuk ruler was defeated Ala al Din Takish from Kharazm Shah Dynasty, a dynasty which survived for a short time. [(img)|1030112538121001B] The Seljuk Toghrol Beg from Seljuk,After Seljuk dynasty the city declined and lost its importance Mongol, Timurid rulers in Esfahan. When Mongol invaded Iran a great battle took place on the suburb of Isfahan in 1228 and the city was invaded too. A significant part of Isfahan`s population was killed and a prominent part of population had to leave Isfahan. Many glorious monuments were destroyed and the most important city of Iran was converted into ruins, but some of buildings survived. The Barbar Mongols who invaded Isfahan were highly influenced by Iranian and Islamic culture. Some of these Mongols were so deeply changed, who started to redevelop the city again. Oljaitu the second Il- Khanid ruler developed the city reasonably. Il- Khanids ruled for short period and they were succeeded by Injuid and Mozaffarid. They were vanished by Tamerlane`s invasions which happened in 1387. More than 75 thousands of Isfahan`s population was slaughtered. The invaders made pyramids by head of killed people. Fortunately several buildings were not destroyed. Many artists, masters and craftsmen of Isfahan were sent to Samarghand to work for Tamerlane who created some of the most glorious buildings. In the first half of 15th century Timurids lost a great part of Iran, by two Turkmen tribes Qara- Quyunlu (the Black sheep) and Aq- Quyunlo (the white sheep). The two mentioned tribes ruled in Isfahan , for a very short time in 15th century. In 1499 Ismail who was a relative of white sheep (Grand son of Uzun Hassan of white sheep) came to power and established the Safavid dynasty. The most glorious era of Isfahan development was begun by Safavids.Mongol to Timurid,Shah Abbas the great is the golden name in Isfahan development and flourishment. He chose Isfahan as his capital in 1598. About 42 years of his unforgettable life was spent for the splendor of Isfahan . New urban planning on the south west of Seljukid city highly enhanced the beautification of Isfahan . He was grown up in Harat which was the great cultural city of Iran . The beauty of arts and architecture of Herat created Shah Abbas innovation for further development of Iran , specially his new capital city called Isfahan . Even when he was a young prince highly appreciated arts and architecture. He showed a great interest in calligraphy too. [(img)|1030113538121001B] In 1587 Shah Abbas was crowned as the new king of Iran . Soon he eliminated many of his influential friends and enemies. In 1591 he appointed a dynamic learned vizier (minister) called Hatim Beik Ordubadi. This man carried out a lot of constructive reforms in Iran and Iran was highly dominated by the Shah and his government. So the Shah controlled and ruled over all parts of Iran . As an illiterate Shah he learned a lot of knowledge, and was interested in knowing more and more about Iran and foreign countries. He was informed about foreign countries and how these countries were developed. He took advantage of opportunities and welcome foreign delegations in order to know more about world development. He was interested in other religions, especially Christians. One of his main hobbies was going to streets and society as an ordinary man in order to acquire view points of citizens regarding development of capital city and Iran . One of the negative characteristics of Shah Abbas was superstitions. In 1598 selected Isfahan as the capital and removed the capital from Qazvin to Isfahan. Isfahan`s geographical location and Zayandeh Rood River were main factors of Shah`s decision. The powerful empire of Iran deserved a new magnificent capital. Under the innovative Shah`s decisions, soon Isfahan was converted to one of the greatest cities of the world. Isfahan became a desirable metropolitan city. Many Iranians migrated to the capital, especially tradesmen, artists, architects and able craftsmen. A large number of Armenians were ordered by the Shah to migrate to Isfahan . A beautiful village located on the south western side of Zayandeh Rood was selected as new residential site for Armenians and was named Julfa. Armenians were skilled tradesmen and technical masters. The fame of Isfahan attracted several foreign delegations and travelers. SHAH ABBAS AND THE EXTRA ORDINARY ERA OF CONSTRUCTION IN ISFAHAN,[(img)|1030114538121001B] After Shah Abbas the Iranian empire declined, except in a short period during the time of Shah Abbas the second. Decline was witnessed much more in Iran and not in Isfahan . The fall of Iranian Empire During the reign of the last Safavid king Shah Sultan Hossein, Iran was torn apart. Life was very difficult for common people. They had to pay unjust taxes Rebellions appeared in different parts of Iran . Mahmood Afghan who controlled Sistan and south Khorasan advanced to areas near capital, finally the approached Isfahan and besieged the capital. In 1722 a battle took place in Golnabad. Afghan troops were about 25000 and Iranian troops more than 50000. Afghans invaded Isfahan and massacred a great numbers of Isfahan citizens. At the same time Peter the Great of Russia invaded northern part of Iran . On the other hand Ottomans, the traditional enemies of Safavid invaded the west part of Iran . The empire was disintegrated under inefficient Shah Sultan Hossein. Mahmud`s short period was faced with a lot of problems. Russians in the north and Ottomans in the west were major issues for Mahmud. Tahmasb the second proclaimed a king. He revolted with the help of people who considered Afghans as Barbars. Mahmud massacred several princes, relatives of Shah and people of Isfahan . Mahmud became completely mad. Because of Mahmud`s matness his cousin Ashraf took power in Isfahan . At the same time Tahmasb Quli came to power in Khorasan and was destined as Nader Shah. In 1729 a great battle occurred between Nader and Ashraf. Ashraf was defeated. Nader chose Mashhad as the capital. Nader and Karim Khan Zand were prominent rulers for a short time. SUCCESSORS OF SHAH ABBAS,[(img)|1030115538121001B] Karim Khan Zand moved the capital to Shiraz and during Qajar dynasty Tehran was the capital of Iran. During Qajar the Fathali Shah the oldest son Zel- al Sultan, was appointed as rulers and governors of Isfahan. The city experienced its darkest period during Zel - al Sultan. This crazy governor sold everything and increased taxes which were unbearable for people. Magnificent monuments were destroyed. No attention was paid to art and architecture. The sun of development and prosperity was set during Qajar dynasty. A great part of Isfahan population migrated to Tehran and other cities. During Pahlavi dynasty principal historic buildings were restored. The great mistakes were made in urban planning. Construction of new streets highly damaged historic axes of Isfahan. So, many of historic buildings, especially old houses and textures were ruined in order to create new streets. The old axe and texture of Isfahan was seriously damaged in the historic city, not only by the government, but also people of Isfahan. Many of educated people in foreign countries were highly influenced by western and architecture which was not appropriate for Isfahan. Construction of new houses and buildings in the centre of old city deeply infected old characteristics.QAJAR AND DARK PERIOD IN ISFAHAN
, [(img)|1030117638121001B] . Although architecturally functioning as a bridge and a weir, it also served a primary function as a building and a place for public meetings.This structure was originally decorated with artistic tilework and paintings, and served as a teahouse. In the center of the structure, a pavilion exists inside which Shah Abbas would have once sat, admiring the view.Today, remnants of a stone seat is all that is left of the king`s chair. This bridge is one of the finest examples of Persian architecture at the height of Safavid cultural influence in Iran. In words of Upham Pope and Jean Chardin, Khaju bridge is "the culminating monument of Persian bridge architecture and one of the most interesting bridges extant...where the whole has rhythm and dignity and combines in the happiest consistency, utility, beauty, and recreation Khaju Bridge (Persian: پل خواجو ,Specifications Khaju Bridge has 24 arches and is 133 metres long and 12 metres wide. The pass way of the bridge is 7.5 meters wide, made of bricks and stones with 21 larger and 26 smaller inlet and outlet channels. The pieces of stone used in this bridge are over 2 meters long and the distance between every channel and the ceiling base is 21 meters. The existing inscriptions suggest that the bridge was repaired in 1873. [(img)|1030118638121001B] Khaju is one of the bridges that regulate the water flow in the river because there are sluice gates under the archways over the river. When the sluice gates are closed, the water level behind the bridge is raised to facilitate the irrigation of the many gardens along the river upstream of this bridge. [(img)|1030119638121001B] On the upper level of the bridge, the main central aisle was utilized by horses and carts and the vaulted paths on either side by pedestrians. Octagonal pavilions in the center of the bridge on both the down and the upstream sides provide vantage points for the remarkable views. The lower level of the bridge may be accessed by pedestrians and remains a popular shady place for relaxing. Iranian urban architects, however, note their dismay with the recent, and modern renovations that have taken place at the Khaju. Arches under the Khaju Bridge
,it was constructed by the finance and the inspection of Allahverdi Khan Undiladze chancellor of shah abbas I, an Iranian ethnic Georgian, it consists of two rows of 33 arches from either sides, left and right. There is a larger base plank at the start of the bridge where the Zayandeh River flows under it, supporting a tea house which nowadays is abandoned due to the shortage of water and the river drought. [(img)|1030119838121001B] other names for the bridge include (the bridge of 33 springs)(the bridge of chaharbagh), and finally (zayandeh river bridge) [(img)|1030110938121001B] Allāhverdi Khan Bridge. Already in 1596 when Shah ʿAbbās the Great`s campaign for the Čahārbāḡ Promenade had begun, the project anticipated the building of a bridge to connect the northern and southern stretches of the avenue as well as of the city as it were being developed for the residence of new social groups in Isfahan. .This need was materialized between 1011/1602 and 1015/1607 with the construction of the Allāhverdi Khan Bridge (popularly known as Si-o-seh pol “The bridge of thirty-three spans” and as Pol-e Si-o-seh čašma “The bridge of thirty-three arches;). Eskandar Beg Torkamān called it “A sublime bridge, consisting of forty vaulted arches of a special type that would open so that in time of floods the water would pass through each one of the arches, having been built to span the Zāyandarud,” and in the 19th century, Sir Percy Sykes described it as “even in decay must rank among the great bridges of the world” . The bridge measures approximately 300 meters in length (388 yards according to Sykes, p. 201). Along its sides are thirty-three arches, giving the bridge its popular name of Si-o-seh Pol. The central lane of the bridge was designed as a path for beasts of burden while the sides were raised for use as pedestrian promenades. Along the walkway the arches form small pavilions, where passersby can rest in shade and take in views of the river and its banks. Until the 19th century, the interior was decorated with paintings (as was that of the Ḵᵛāju Bridge) of subjects often referred to by European travelers to have been erotic . [(img)|1030111938121001B] This magnificent feat of engineering facilitated linkage through the Čahārbāḡ between the royal precinct (the Dawlat-ḵāna) and the new inner city zones around the Meydān on the one hand, and the suburban palace retreat of Hazār Jarib and the southern suburbs on the other. In addition to connecting the mansions of the elite that lined the southern flank of the Čahārbāḡ, the bridge served to connect to the city the Armenian merchant enclave of New Julfa, an economically vital community incorporated into the household by Shah ʿAbbās the Great and his immediate successors.The mediatory role of the new elite of the reconfigured Safavid household is similarly exemplified through the surrogate patronage on behalf of Shah ʿAbbās the Great and the royal household, which Allāhverdi Khan (q.v.), the commander-in-chief of the armies, extended in this integral feature of the urban campaign.
,Simplicity and strength of this building with its open pleasant area is reminiscent of the glory and grace of Naghsh-e-Jahan square which is the precious treasure left from the Persia of the Safavids periods. At this time, according to the suggestion of Andre Goddard who was then the counselor of Archeology Bureau, Iran Insurance Company came to save the monument. The company consented to the alteration of the caravansary to a hotel and approved of the plan of the hotel building which was later called King Abbas hotel (1336 A.H). In this way, not only was a valuable historical monument saved but also the memory of its first use as the lodging of the passengers and tourists was preserved in the new form it assumed. Besides, a scenic and elegant space was provided for the tourists in such a celebrated city as Isfahan. Now, the gurgling of water and the color of Persian gardens, images from the grandeur of Islamic architecture, the eloquent artistic designs carved on the forehead of the lofty walls and verandas, the landscape of the picturesque turquoise dome of Chaharbagh Madresseh are images which are printed on the minds of the guests as such that these images can hardly ever be consigned to oblivion. The company finally started the construction of the hotel in the summer of 1337 and finished it at the end of 1345. In reconstructing the caravansary, they were committed to two objectives: The preservation of the originality of the outward facade and the renovation of the caravansary`s chambers and remodeling them into the hotel rooms. In 1351, Iran Insurance Company decided to expand the hotel. The expansion was possible only at the eastern side. Thus, by purchasing 11500 square meters of land at this side, the annex or adjacent section of the hotel was built which can be considered an independent and well-furnished hotel by itself. By passing more than 30 years from hotel servicing, most sections of the hotel had been ruined and needed reconstructions. After inspections of engineers, the reconstruction of the hotel in many phases started at first months of 1374 and ended at first months of 1379. The above actions include the reconstruction of rooms, halls, kitchens, and engine houses, electrical and mechanical installations of hotel. The interior decoration of Abbasi hotel is endowed with such a high quality and quantity, each part of which deserves due attention and description. [(img)|1030117148121001B]
,[(img)|1030117248121001B] The place specializes in serving up some of the tastiest biryani, a national favorite. Unlike restaurants that sell kebabs and other local dishes, it is very rare to find an authentic biryani outlet in Isfahan. Here you can get great taste at great pricesAazam Beryani (Traditional),[(img)|1030118248121001B] Abbasi Hotel is in itself an architectural treat for the eyes – a 300 years old royal guesthouse, updated with modern elements of interior design while sticking to the traditional themes of royal opulence and grandeur. The hotel’s restaurant offers affordable tea for everyone, but anything beyond that is a real wallet drainer. Tourists come here more for admiring the richly ornamented interior than for the ridiculously expensive cuisine.Abbasi Restaurant (European/Middle Eastern),[(img)|1030119248121001B] Quick service, large eating hall, and excellent rice and salads. But food disappears fast when locals swarm to the restaurant for afternoon meals – that is why the place even closes earlier than any other diner in the neighborhood. Aboozar Restaurant (Peruvian ),[(img)|1030110348121001B] Come for the largest, most finger-licking variety of local food in Isfahan! Named as an American diner, this place actually specializes in local delicacies, especially the scrumptious chulu kebabs with perfectly boiled, saffron sprinkled white rice. Also of note are the kebab berg (a kind of spiced, marinated meat chunk cut into small pieces), and luleh kebab (minced meatballs). American Restaurant (Local),[(img)|1030111348121001B] A modern, trendy diner that offers, in addition to mouthwatering pizza, luxuriously clad waitresses with almost comical amounts of makeup. The casual, hip setting and the dimly lit ambience make the restaurant perfect for a group of hungry youngsters. The place also offers a variety of light snacks and steamy coffee. There are sometimes live music nights at the joint. Arabo (Pizza),[(img)|1030112348121001B] This quaint teahouse is worth looking for. The food is nothing special, definitely not the best Dizzy you will get in Iran but the atmosphere makes up for any shortcomings in that department. You will have to make an effort to catch the single "waiter" but do go. The mix of locals and tourists makes for great people watching.Azadegan Cafe,[(img)|1030113348121001B] A great place for lunch, if you are in Imam square, provided you can cope with sitting on the floor for the duration. A very nice large room, with lovely wall decorations and stained glass. Staff were helpful and attentive.Banquet Hall Traditional,[(img)|1030114348121001B] Located in front of the Imam Mosque (Shah Masjid) at the Naqsh e Jahan Square, the restaurant is geared specifically towards foreign travelers – it introduces them to the local aesthetics of décor and lighting while giving them an opportunity to splurge on some pleasing meat dishes from around Iran.Bastani Restaurant (Traditional),[(img)|1030115348121001B] For a delightful, truly authentic Iranian breakfast, head straight to Hafez Street in the early hours of the day. A number of roadside kiosks pop up in the morning, selling steaming sweet and sour local delicacies. A must-try is the Fereni – a local sweet dish made of rice in a sugary solution of rose water and milk.Breakfast at Hafez Street (Local),[(img)|1030116348121001B] Another traditional teahouse that is always crowded – service is very slow, giving you ample time for long chat sessions with groups of friends, or local strangers, or strange locals – whichever you prefer!Chubi Bridge (Café,[(img)|1030117348121001B] Espadana restaurant is a good restaurant , managed by the owner of the famous " Khan Gostar " restaurant in Esfahan . The Food quality is excellent and it has all kinds of famous and delicious Iranian and Western food . Situated in Espadana Hotel of Esfahan , Between 33 Pol Bridge and Ferdowsi bridge , on the South Bank of the river Espadana Restaurant ,[(img)|1030118348121001B] Hermes is an Italian restaurant located in the beautiful neighborhood of Jolfa in Isfahan. I`ve been here a few times and every time, the food is fresh and great. Service is great, too. Excellent food and beautiful settings. The atmosphere is amazingly breathtaking and so is the food. Highly recommend this place .Hermes Restaurant,[(img)|1030119348121001B] Located to the south side of the Naqsh e Jahan Square (Imam Square), near the Imam Mosque, this teashop is a little different than the other low-profile teahouses around Isfahan. Whereas other places offer you a look deep into local life and customs, this expensive café gives you a traditional ambience without the general everyday crowds, and an open air setting with impressive views over the whole square rather than a cramped archway or niche under a bridge. The perfect time to visit is the late afternoons – watch the sun set and the activity of city life cease.Imam Square Teashop,[(img)|1030110448121001B] A small eatery tucked away in a sprawling bazaar, Kalleh Pache will give you a true taste of tradition. Not for the weak-of-taste buds, this place is a delight for those who have made themselves accustomed to the slightly awkward but otherwise scrumptious taste of sheep livers, lamb brains, Iranian hamburgers, and spicy chulu kebabs. For those who are still experimenting with local taste, order a little something from a few dishes on the menu, or ask the waiters what tourists usually prefer.Kalleh Pache (Middle Eastern),[(img)|1030111448121001B] This restaurant is located inside the Julfa Hotel. You will find a kind of erratic, bustling environment inside rather than a composed, laidback one. This means that people come and leave very quickly, and there is generally a lot of commotion – but this automatically also means that the service is extremely efficient. The menu contains many dishes from Iranian cities and the suburbs, in addition to freshly prepared colorful salads and sweet dishes from the Middle East.Khan Gostar Restaurant (Middle Eastern/Traditional),[(img)|1030112448121001B] An eatery that is always buzzing with dynamic young businessmen, students, and white collar workers from around the neighborhood. Casual, friendly ambience, impressive modern elements of interior décor, polite service, and excellent kebabs! The place is open only for breakfast and lunch, catering to its specific customer group. Khorshid (Local),[(img)|1030113448121001B] This resturant is the most beautiful resturant in Esfahan. It is a nicely renovated old hamam which gives you an unforgatable time with just being there. However, if you go to a resturant your primary goal is probably an unforgetable food experience which this resturant can not offer it I am affraid. Food options are very few with totaly average quality and sky high prices. Malek Soltan Jarchi Bashi,[(img)|1030114448121001B] A favorite midday and evening retreat for the commoners working around in local bazaars, Mikhak serves a delightful kebab and lamb menu all day. This makes it especially popular with the largely carnivorous local population. The downside is, there are no vegetarian dishes, so come here only if you have become accustomed to the unique taste of Iranian meat.Mikhak Restaurant (Local),[(img)|1030115448121001B] An ideal location, with a bunch of neat little tables sprawled out in front of the colossal whitewashed arcade lining the Sheikh Lotfullah Mosque, this open-air diner gives amazing panoramic views over the whole square, as well as an up-close and personal look at the intricate detailing on the walls of the pavilion. The restaurant contains a pleasantly decorated interior dining hall – the outdoor space is reserved for families and larger groups.Naqsh e Jahan (Traditional),[(img)|1030116448121001B] The interior isn’t a real treat, considering some of the other restaurants around Isfahan, but the food is some of the tastiest at such a price. That alone should suffice for your visit to this place. Mutton and beef kebabs, murgh (chicken) dishes, and a variety of rice, all prepared using authentic spices and flavors, should give you a very interesting insight into Iranian gastronomy. Service can be a bit slow as the restaurant fills up, so arrive early.Nou Bahar Restaurant (Local),[(img)|1030117448121001B] Try some delicious and authentic pizza at much less than a typical Iranian meal! The place is very crowded in the afternoons, and you will be lucky if you find an empty table. Service however is quick, and the staff is very polite.Pizza Jolfa (Pizzeria),[(img)|1030118448121001B] The teahouse that exists here is rumored to have been in function since the bridge was constructed in the 17th century. Enter and you will see checkered floor mats, handcrafted rugs, and carpets depicting opulent Safavid symbolism. Men and young teens flock around water pipes (galyoun or nargile). Often, you can hear light beats of traditional Iranian music, though this is mostly drowned by the enthusiastic babbling of bubble blowers on the shisha.Pol e Khaju (Teahouse),[(img)|1030119448121001B] This is a small roadside diner. Low-profile, nothing too flashy, the place offers a limited menu, out of which only 3 or 4 dishes are actually present any day that you visit. Come here if you have a really low budget – the food is not that bad. The diner is frequented by middle and low-income office men and laborers. Service is unusually fast. Restoran e Khayyam (Local),[(img)|1030111548121001B] One of the best and most pleasant coffee shops in Isfahan.it is located in naghshe jahan square and has freindly staffs you can taste iranaian teraditional drinking in roozegar , it has lot of books , you can read poems during drinking coffee or tea , you can hear lighte iranian music in that cofeeshop.Roozgar Tea House,[(img)|1030112548121001B] This excellent hotel diner provides panoramic views over the old city of Isfahan. Their open-air rooftop terrace is open for dining all through the summer months, from June to October. During the rest of the year the eating activities shift to the elegantly ornamented inner dining hall. You can still usually go out on the terrace for a stroll or a cup of tea. Especially recommended is the steak with mushroom dish, apart from the delightful variety of kebabs and salads. Sadaf Restaurant (Local/International),[(img)|1030113548121001B] Delicately carved antique wooden furniture, rich paintings adorning the interior walls, colorful stained glass work on grand windows, life-size mirrors lining the hall, and dim incandescent flares creating a romantic, laidback ambience – dine like a Safavid royal at a very modest price! An all-vegetarian menu is also available if you have not quite grown to like the taste of Iranian meat. A small but tasty variety of seafood is also served. The place is very popular with tourists, as it is not as expensive as the interior suggests. You have to arrive early for a meal to get quality service. Shahrazad Restaurant (Traditional),[(img)|1030114548121001B] Take a leisurely stroll along the main pavilion of the Si-o-Seh Bridge (Allahwardi Khan Bridge) facing the water, and then descend into the multiple arcaded tea and shisha space at the lower, pedestrian levels of the bridge. An excellent teahouse is located at the north end, right as you enter from the Islami Square. Apart from serving steaming tea, the place also caters to a favorite Iranian hobby – the galyoun, a smoky waterpipe like a shisha.Si-o-Seh Bridge (Teahouse),[(img)|1030115548121001B] A very vernacular interior, complete with flat wooden day beds (takhats/masehris) laid out for the diners to recline on as they eat. High windows with painted glass figures, and blue, white, and golden tile work complete the perfect Isfahani setting for a meal fit for a Persian king. And the food? Very authentic, very delicious. Try the biryani and the eggplant stew.Sofreh Khaneh Sonnati (Peruvian),[(img)|1030116548121001B] This restaurant definitely bags the best location prize for its stupendous views of Esfahan, other than that a terrible choice to eat out.They provide cramped minivans from the base to the restaurant uphill and the interiors are pretty cool with wood paneled ceilings and bay windows. The staff speak passable English and are terrible at bestZagros Restaurant
,Alexander arrived in Carmania from the east; he and his men had traveled through the Gedrosian desert, which had cost many people their lives. When the Macedonian soldiers reached southern Carmania, they found food again (`all crops were born in abundance, except for olives`, according to Alexander`s admiral Nearchus). Consequently, Greek and Roman geographers wrote that Carmania was extremely fertile, which is exaggerated. After the death of Alexander, Carmania became first part of the Seleucid empire, but in the middle of the second century, it was subjected by the Parthians. In the first quarter of the third century CE, their empire fell; the Persians founded a new empire after 224. The capital of Carmania was moved to Veh-Ardašir, a new town between the salty Dasht-e Lut and the western mountains, now known as Kermân. The Persian kings were Zoroastrians, i.e., they believed in Ahuramazda. One of their holy places was Bam, where the dead were ritually exposed on high platforms. The ruins of these `towers of silence` can still be seen. The first Christian bishop can be dated in the middle of the seventh century, shortly before or after the Muslims took over (646 CE).
,[(img)|1030115458121001B] Kerman city has a moderate climate and the average annual rainfall is 135 mm. Because it is located close to the Kavir-e lut, Kerman has hot summers and in the spring it often has violent sand storms. Otherwise, its climate is relatively cool. The climate in the province varies in different regions depending on the relief of the land. The north, northwest and central areas experience a dry and moderate climate, whereas in the south and southeast, the weather is warm and relatively humid. The city of Kerman and the surrounding regions have a semi-moderate and dry climate, with a maximum and minimum temperature of 39.6° C, and -7° C respectively. The average temperature during the months of March - June has been recorded as 20° - 25° C. These months are the most suitable period for travel to the said region. [(img)|1030116458121001B]